One of the fundamental elements militating in opposition to the improvement of sports activities in Nigeria nowadays is a loss of powerful control. A lot of solutions are being proffered via concerned and patriotic Nigerians day by day to bail us out the quagmire. One of such answers is this article entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management”. It is written by means of Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer within the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and academic representative. I turned into the individual invited by means of the writer and the college to review the ebook while it changed into presented to the general public on December 4, 2008, in Nigeria.
According to Awoyinfa, it’s far a truism everywhere in the global that sport is now a reference trouble which can not be overlooked at various sectors of the economic system and spheres of life. The writer provides that this newsletter accordingly takes an essential take a look at topical troubles in sports administration and management, dwelling on theories and concepts of present-day tendencies in sports activities administration and management consisting of leadership, agency, making plans, motivation, and many others.
The text carries 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the concept of sports management”. Here, Awoyinfa says management is an idea that means various things to exclusive people at exclusive times, hence main to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that management has been variously defined as an artwork, a technological know-how, someone or human beings, a field and a process.
This author expatriates that as an artwork, sports control is all approximately sporting out sports activities organizational functions and duties thru humans; even as-is a science, sports activities control is about setting up sports activities philosophy, laws, theories, standards, techniques, and practices. As an agency, in line with him, sports activities management is described as a means of creating formal structures and an establishment based totally on a task, targets, objectives, capabilities, and tasks.
Awoyinfa says as a person or institution of people, sports control may also discuss with the top by myself or to all of the senior body of workers, committee, etc.; while as a discipline, control is an area of study with various subjects and subjects. The writer illuminates that sports activities management as a system is ready a scientific manner of doing matters. Awoyinfa highlights management functions in sports management as making plans, setting up, staffing, directing/main, controlling, coordination, budgeting, and evaluation. On whom a sports activities manager is, this author educates that a sports activities supervisor is everyone at any degree of recreation enterprise who directs
the efforts of different humans closer to the success of organizational desires recreation-clever.
Chapter two is based totally on the subject be counted of evolution and tendencies of sports activities management idea. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the development of thoughts on sports control dates back to the days while human beings first attempted to accomplish goals through working together in a group. In his words, “There was critical thinking and theorizing about managing many years earlier than the dawn of the 20th (20th) century, which marked the beginning of cutting-edge sports control idea. Major efforts to broaden theories and ideas of sports activities management commenced from the early 20th (twentieth) century with the paintings of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The business revolution of the nineteenth (19th) century in all likelihood provided the climate for this very critical theorizing.”
Awoyinfa provides that for the reason that turn of the 20 the century, writers on sports management and commercial enterprise theory were propounding exclusive theories about a way to manage paintings and employees greater efficaciously and correctly. This author educates that the three important schools of control thought are: the classical; the human behavioral; and the integrative. Awoyinfa additionally highlights early sports activities management theorists; principles and traits of medical management; appraisal of the clinical management idea, and so on., in this chapter.
Chapter 3 is thematically labeled “standards of sports control”. In this chapter, the academic consultant explains that sports standards are the primary legal guidelines on which the practice of sports control is constructed. He adds that control principles ought to, therefore, be primarily based on popular terms for them to be applicable within sports firms of various sizes and character. “Modern sports managers and directors are expected with a view to discover and use appropriate ideas which might be relevant to specific conditions. This is because no single principle can healthy all administrative situations,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the fundamental ideas of sports activities are those applicable to all sports establishments and as a result of their trendy acceptability, they are sometimes called “commonplace standards of sports management”. This writer expatriates that some of these ideas are: responsibility; delegation of authority and communique. As regards humanitarian standards of sports control, Awoyinfa identifies those as democracy, justice, human family members, sympathy, empathy, consideration, and humility.
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In bankruptcy 4 primarily based on the concept of behavioral and motivational theories in sports enterprise, the writer says humans are specific creatures as they behave differently underneath one-of-a-kind situations and are ordinarily hard to expect. Awoyinfa stresses that when you consider that humans constitute the most critical detail in sports corporation, sports managers want a few expertise of why human beings behave in one way or the alternative, so they (sports activities managers) can affect people to perform exactly the manner sports activities corporations discover acceptable.
One robust tool this writer shows that may be used to elicit overall performance in athletes is motivation. In his phrases, “Motivation is something needed in sports enterprises to make employees perform.
However, it’s been an essential and a difficult situation for sports activities managers.” Awoyinfa, in addition, discusses the development of motivational standards in sports business enterprise; software of motivational theories to sports activities control; strategies of behavior amendment, and many others., in this chapter.
In chapters 5 to ten, the author beams his analytical searchlight on subject topics which includes control techniques in sports organization; the idea of sports organization; putting the design in sports activities employer; the idea of making plans in sports activities management; making sports firms more powerful in Nigeria and staffing in sports activities companies.
Chapter 11 is based on conversation techniques in sports activities organization. According to Awoyinfa here, the communique is an important component in any organizational effectiveness due to the fact organizations can’t feature efficiently whilst communique abilities are lacking among participants. “Since conversation is the moving spirit of an enterprise, its absence may make companies standstill,” asserts this author.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays ideas consisting of organizational changes and development in sports administration; leadership in sports activities administration and control; management and control of the football as a educate; coaching human kinetics and health training in schools and faculties; and organization and management of colleges at various levels of training.
As regards mode of presentation, this text scores a pass mark. For example, the language is understandable and the ideas are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is anticipated, given the writer’s dual professional heritage as a lecturer and pastor. To ensure easy study of the textual content of readers’ component, Awoyinfa highlights the goals of each bankruptcy at the beginning and ends with overview/revision questions.
What’s greater, he creatively embroiders the text with images (pages 50, ninety-seven, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so on.) to beautify readers’ know-how thru visual-verbal exchange. Awoyinfa includes references at the crease of each bankruptcy to fulfill academic obligation of source disclosure and provide readers possibilities to study more. The inclusion of many references additionally confirms the intensity of his studies. His use of visual distinction for the word “Modern Trends” inside the identity is emphatically creative.
If there are chapters that honestly make this article certified as a compendium of current solutions to the executive and management issues plaguing our sports development in Nigeria, they are chapters four, 8, eleven and thirteen. This is due to the fact they speak motivation, planning, communication, and management respectively.
Meanwhile, the thematically best chapter of all is bankruptcy four. The reality that it’s miles consciously or unconsciously taken to be the finest bankruptcy unearths practical expression in the deeper communique and concord between its concern matter on the one hand and the outer front cowl’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical photos which include purpose publish, cyclists racing, a garden tennis participant poised for action together with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers suffering from ball possession, then again. These are pics used for example in motivational discourse.
However, some errors are observed in this text. The mistakes are “Acknowledgement” (page iii), in place of “Acknowledgements”; non-paragraphing of the natural first few paragraphs of “Preface”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and 404), in preference to “Losing”, and so forth. These mistakes want to be corrected in the next edition.
On a word of analytical finality, this newsletter is a compendium of impossible to resist sports control hints. It is a need-to-read for all stakeholders in the sports area, especially managers and administrators. It is virtually charming.
GOKE ILESANMI, Editor-in-Chief/CEO of http://www.Gokeilesanmi.Com and Managing Consultant/CEO of Gokmar Communication Consulting, is a Certified Public Speaker/Emcee, (Business) Communication Specialist, Motivational Speaker, Career Management Coach, Renowned Book Reviewer, Corporate Leadership Expert and Editorial Consultant.
For business discussion, attain him on +234(0)8055068773; +234(0)8056030424
GOKE ILESANMI, Editor-in-Chief/CEO of www.Gokeilesanmi.Com and Managing Consultant/CEO of Gokmar Communication Consulting, is a Certified Public Speaker/Emcee, (Business) Communication Specialist, Motivational Speaker, Career Management Coach, Renowned Book Reviewer, Corporate Leadership Expert and Editorial Consultant.